Surface Rising: Treaty No. 13
embossed paper, 11 x 18
Baskerville font (used in the Federal
Identity Program of the Canadian
The piece emerged from a site-specific study of colonial spacing in my childhood home in Toronto.
The Toronto Purchase, Treaty No. 13, is a now well known document of the colonial project of "negotiating" land surrender between the Crown and First Nations, the Mississaugas of New Credit, signed in 1787 and re-edited and signed in 1805. The document is an example of colonial procedure of dispossessing First Nations of their traditional territory in the guise of legal procedure.
"At the time, the Mississaugas believed that the agreement was not a purchase extinguishing their rights to the land, but a rental of the lands for British use in exchange for gifts and presents in perpetuity."